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BP Exits Petrochemical Business in $5 Billion Deal – The Wall Street Journal


Selling its petrochemicals business will help BP reach its divestment target of $15 billion of asset sales by mid-2021.


arnd wiegmann/Reuters


Energy giant


BP -3.15%

PLC has agreed to sell its petrochemicals business to British chemicals company Ineos Ltd., in a $5 billion deal that will help reshape its business for the global transition to lower-carbon energy, the company said on Monday.

The deal will help strengthen BP’s balance sheet and separates the company from its peers, as

Royal Dutch Shell

RDS.A -2.89%

PLC and

Exxon Mobil Corp.

XOM -3.43%

have been growing their petrochemicals businesses. Petrochemicals are expected to be the largest driver of oil demand in the coming years, making up more than a third of oil demand growth to 2030, according to the International Energy Agency.

It is the first multibillion-dollar deal by an oil major since the novel coronavirus caused companies to cut costs and scale back investment plans. The oil industry faced a double blow of increased production from Saudi Arabia and a collapse in demand. Oil prices have lost more than a third of their value since the start of the year.

Bankers said they expected deal activity to be focused on infrastructure and downstream assets as companies were reluctant to sell oil and gas fields at a time when energy prices were under pressure.

BP said it would have taken considerable investment to grow the division, which is smaller than its peers’ businesses.

“This is another significant step as we steadily work to reinvent BP,” said Bernard Looney, the company’s chief executive.

Mr. Looney, who took the helm in February, had been crafting a yet-to-be revealed reorganization plan, due to launch in September.

BP’s shares rose 2.6% on Monday.

The deal means BP has reached its divestment target of $15 billion of asset sales a year earlier than planned. Among the major oil companies, the company has one of the highest levels of debt in relation to its size.

In April the company said that its gearing—the ratio of net debt to the total of net debt and equity—rose to 40% including leases, from 35% in the previous quarter. The company targets 20%-30% gearing but expects the level to remain above 30% into 2021.

“The deal goes some way to fill the cash-flow deficit faced by BP,” said Irene Himona, managing director for oil-and-gas equity research at Société Générale.

As part of the deal, Ineos, one of the world’s largest petrochemical companies, will pay a deposit of $400 million and $3.6 billion upon completion, which is expected by the end of the year. The $1 billion remainder will be paid by the end of June 2021.

Ineos was founded in 1998 and is majority owned by British billionaire Jim Ratcliffe, one of the U.K.’s richest men. Last year it bought two polystyrene plants in China from French energy giant

Total SA


Earlier this month, BP said it was cutting 14% of its global workforce, accelerating existing plans to reshape the company after the coronavirus pandemic’s crushing impact on oil prices.

Write to Sarah McFarlane at sarah.mcfarlane@wsj.com

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